RPM Build Tips!

Now, I am trying to build a Linux system based on the Fedora Core Release!
Working with the RPM system in deep.The unpackaged file terminate the build process under RPM 4.x!

Unpackaged files message in RPM-4.1 and following
RPM version 4.1 and following demonstrate a new behaviour in the
rpmbuild process. Previously, a build process might place any
number of files, say in the %install stanza, when
running the make install part of a Makefile,
in the customary /var/tmp/%{name}-root/
BuildRoot (the RPM_BUILD_ROOT).
Once through that part of the Makefile, it can
then completely ignore
these files in the %files binary packaging stanza.

This often happens when an upstream maintainer adds, or deletes
items from new directory spurs in the make install ,
and the change might be missed during an unattended or automated rebuild.
This option permits careful packagers to cross check the quality of
their packaging.

So as a cross check, /usr/lib/rpm/check-files is now enabled
during the %files stanza, to help a packager identify
possibly omitted files. This obviously will disclose breakage in
existing .SPEC files, but this should be a reasonably plainless
transition as the specfile packager amends them to properly
account for all expected files.

Obviously some maintaining packagers will take some time to complete
the process for their packages; in the interim, for the causal package
builder, Jeff Johnson offered this advice.

-- R P Herrold, <herrold@owlriver.com>, Editor

Date: Fri, 20 Sep 2002 18:42:44 -0400

From: Jeff Johnson <jbj@redhat.com>

Reply-To: rpm-list@redhat.com

To: rpm-list@redhat.com

Subject: rh-rpm] Re: Advised wanted on building perl module rpms

On Fri, Sep 20, 2002 at 11:34:29PM +0100, Mark C wrote:

> Hi,


> I'm building a perl-SDL rpm, I have successfully got it to compile and

> build as per my spec file (now I have a headache :-) as it kept wanting

> to install itself into the proper destination directory).


> Anyway when the build finished, it spate out a warning regarding files

> found, but not packaged, the error below:


> Checking for unpackaged file(s): /usr/lib/rpm/check-files

> /var/tmp/rpmbuild/perl-SDL-root

> warning: Installed (but unpackaged) file(s) found:

> /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.0/i386-linux-thread-multi/perllocal.pod


A pod file? That possibly should be included in the rpm, but I know as
little as possible about perl :-)

Meanwhile, this is new behavior in rpm-4.1, detecting built but unpackaged
files. The default behavior (if you don't have redhat-rpm-config installed),
is to stop the build.

The "fix" is to either

1) include the file in a package (or equivalently do

rm -f $RPM_BUILD_ROOT/path/to/file

in %install).

2) Reconfigure to warn, not stop, the build. The relevant macro(s)
(from /usr/lib/rpm/macros):
# Script gets packaged file list on input and buildroot as first parameter.
# Returns list of unpackaged files, i.e. files in $RPM_BUILD_ROOT not packaged.
# Note: Disable (by commenting out) for legacy compatibility.
%__check_files /usr/lib/rpm/check-files %{buildroot}
# Should unpackaged files in a build root terminate a build?
# Note: The default value should be 0 for legacy compatibility.
%_unpackaged_files_terminate_build 1
# Should missing %doc files in the build directory terminate a build?
# Note: The default value should be 0 for legacy compatibility.
%_missing_doc_files_terminate_build 1

Put alternative values in /etc/rpm/macros (or ~/.rpmmacros) to taste.


73 de Jeff


Jeff Johnson ARS N3NPQ

jbj@redhat.com (jbj@jbj.org)

Chapel Hill, NC

Date: Sat, 12 Oct 2002 14:14:49 -0200

From: Andre Costa <brblueser@uol.com.br>

Reply-To: rpm-list@redhat.com

To: rpm-list@redhat.com

Subject: Re: RH 8.0 httpd-2.0.40-8.src.rpm has build problems


I might be able to help with this one, since I was the original poster
of a similar question: Jeff Johnson taught me this nice trick:
echo "%_unpackaged_files_terminate_build   0" >> /etc/rpm/macros

This will instruct RPM 4.1 not to abort due to unpackaged files.

And then this came in:

Date: Fri, 04 Jul 2003 15:02:56 +0200

From: Dr. Peter Bieringer <pb@bieringer.de>

To: Andre Costa <brblueser@uol.com.br>, Jeff Johnson <jbj@redhat.com>,

Subject: Unpackaged files message in RPM-4.1 and following


just a note about:


Instead of setting this switch globally, you can also do this per spec file
(sure a better way) by adding following line on top of a spec file:

%define _unpackaged_files_terminate_build 0

Hope this helps,



Dr. Peter Bieringer http://www.bieringer.de/pb/

GPG/PGP Key 0x958F422D mailto: pb at bieringer dot de

Deep Space 6 Co-Founder and Core Member http://www.deepspace6.net/

Last updated: Sat, 5 Jul 2003 20:33:09 -0400


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